Auto Summary

Overview

     Auto summary technology takes a passage and automatically summarizes it into its most essential points; shortening the passage while preserving meaning. The function of auto summary is similar to Scalable Vocabulary which aims to increase readability. Auto summary can be mounted on mobile devices and typically does not require an internet connection. Auto summarization is based on the principle that condensed, critical information is essential for learning (Maranzo, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001). The four features measuring the quality of an auto summary tool are information preservation, cohesion, condensation, and redundancy (Huang, He, Wei, & Li, 2010).

     Auto summary technology is improving and there are dozens of tools available with frequent updates (Yang, 2011). Currently, the most effective auto summary tools are using methods to reduce text size that label content-specific phrases and remove redundant statements (Gambhir & Gupta, 2016). These extractive methods will not link phrases and words to make new sentences. Summarizers that generate brand new statements are abstractive methods and require more complicated natural language processing algorithms (Yang & Wang, 2008). Summarizers which can replicate human abstractions successfully are more useful to users, some computer scientists have started to develop these tools (e.g., Yang & Wang, 2008).

     The effectiveness of auto summary tools has been tested experimentally (Yang et al., 2013). Yang and colleagues tested 25 participants who were given passages to study, passages on topics that the participants had no background knowledge in. Some participants had the original passage (1500 words), while others had various length (400, 250, 100 words) auto summarized passages. The participants with auto summary passages made more mistakes, but also completed their test in significantly less time. Participants with 400 word summaries, or 30% of the passage, made 10% more mistakes than the full passage group, but were just over twice as fast. The smaller summaries led to more mistakes and faster responses. Because of this, it is recommended to have auto summaries of approximately 30% of the total text size in order to maximize efficiency while not greatly sacrificing accuracy (Yang et al., 2013).

     A separate case study by Edyburn (2002) followed a single student with academic difficulties and poor reading and writing. This student was training on how to use auto summary and asked to complete a research task. The student’s writing grade improved from a C+ to an A, and the length of the student’s passages increased from 80 word assignments to 180 word assignments. Therefore, it seems that auto summary tools can be used to support reading comprehension skills.

Research Rating: Due to the experimental nature of the information cited in this description this information is to be trusted as valid and reliable.  

Advantages:

  • Almost no learning curve; users need only to copy and paste information

  • Effectively reduces size of documents while preserving meaning, which can reduce information processing load

  • Can be mounted onto mobile devices

  • Significantly faster than summarizing by hand

Disadvantages:

  • Some information is lost in the auto summary process and no system will ever be perfect

  • Has been shown to increase errors when used to study for tests

  • Requires information in electronic text form

To Consider

  • Summarization “by hand” or summarization done by the reader has shown to be an excellent study tool that significantly increases comprehension and test scores on related content (Friend, 2000). Part of these effects have been shown to be the act of creating the summary is what improves retention, meaning using auto summary does not have the same effects. As such, Auto Summary is not recommended as a study tool for every child, but is best used primarily when there is an excess of information that needs to be reduced.

  • There are a wide range of research algorithms in development, which experiment with different methods (the “brain” of the summary tool). These algorithms, once available, have been used to create numerous repeats of free summary tools on various websites. According to Gambhir & Gupta (2016), extractive methods (pulling exact sentences and phrases) should be preferred over abstractive (reconstructing) until better software develops.   

Special Consideration: Workflow

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Product
Price
OS Compatibility
Internet Reliance
Features
Optimized Use
Streamer

Free trial, $/month subscription

Windows, Mac, Chrome

Yes

Captioning, Note-taking, Translation into almost any language, Streaming, and Speech generation; encrypted protocol for private information

Meetings, conferences and communication needs for personal, professional, and school use

MathType

$, Free Trial

Windows, Mac, Chrome

No

Select equations from menu

Installed in Google Docs

OneNote Equation

$$

Windows, Mac

Yes

Select and draw equations

Mobi 3

$$$$

Windows

No

Tablet with various tools, including picture library, ability to make phone calls with synthetic text, and home appliance control

Allora 2

$$$$

N/A

No

Personal keypad with text screen and text-to-speech software, allowing typing phrases to be spoken by the tool. 

GoTalk

$$$$

iOS

No

Phone app with selectable pictures, requests, and directions 

Augmentive Picture Books

$$

N/A

No

Physical bag with velcro or pockets and cards with pictures for making requests 

Proloquo2Go

$$$$

iOS

No

Phone app with selectable pictures, requests, and directions 

TobiiDynavox

$$$$

N/A

No

Tablet device; uses touch-pad and eye tracking to receive input from users and generate speech.

Only available by referral

Microsoft Translate

$$, Free Trial

Mac, Windows, Chrome

Yes

Part of Microsoft Cognitive Services, conducts real time translation of speech and text on websites, programs, dictated information, or given document

All purpose, versatile

PowerPoint

$$

Windows, Mac, Chrome

Yes

Present live captioning and subtitles in power point slides. Customization of caption style and automatic, real-time captions in 12 spoken languages

Professional presentations, accessibility compliance

Rocket Book

$$$

Any

Yes

Smart notebook that uploads notes online, can scan, send directly as email, and is searchable

Sync between different online systems, easy transcription, scanning and email

Read and Write for Chrome

$$$

Chrome

Yes

Suite of many features and technologies.

Reading documents in Google platforms, including Google Docs and Google Classroom.

Popplet

$

Web, iOS

Yes

Easily create colorful maps made of text boxes and link together

Organization of information, flexible for all ages

Search Engine Autocomplete

Free

Any browser

Yes

A basic feature of most search engines such as Google. Press space bar after a target word or phrase to see list of commonly associated topics based on internet searches. Does not provide definitions.

Basic internet proficiency required. Tends to give generic results. Adult filtering recommended. 

Question Analyzer

$$

Any browser

Yes

Returns a list of commonly asked questions about a target word or phrase. 

Uses internet trend data. Good for modern topics or public knowledge. Simple interface.

AnswerThePublic

Free

Any browser

Yes

Generates list of questions sorted into questions, associations, and comparisons based on target word or phrase. Clicking on any question will start a google search. Presented as visual map or list. 

Large volume of results, not intuitive for children. Good for developing an established topic for highschoolers and above. 

Moz

Free, $$

Any browser

Yes

Generates phrases related to input phrases based on internet searches. Adds questions, common searches, or similar topics. Provides links.

Adults. Needs to be taught; not intuitive for children. Helps refine search terms; find better keywords. 

DiY

Free

PDF

No

PDF with examples and lists of ways to invert and innovate existing concepts. 

When topic is not known or vague. Doesn't use keywords.

Portent Idea Generator

Free

Any browser

Yes

Often returns pop-culture. Generates random opinions or ways of tackling a target idea. Accepts phrases and single words. 

For when a topic is already known, choosing an attitude, stance, or approach to the topic. Often gives silly answers. Not good for research. 

Word Association Network

Free

All browsers

Yes

Generates massive list based on a single word, sorted by verbs, nouns, and adjectives. Cannot filter to reduce volume. Large database, accepts most words. Provides pictures, definitions of target word. Words listed by relevance. 

Research and writing with keywords. Older students, advanced students. Provides high volume of data to search through. Doesn't generate repeat words.

Word Storm

Free

Any browser, requires flash

Yes

Creates a map of related words to a target. Closer words are more relevant. Can click on any word to create a new search about that target. Exportable as picture. 

General or simple writing assignments. Visually easy to use. Single words only. Database limited, often won't accept complex or unusual words.

Essay Jack

$/month (single license), $$$/month (bulk for classrooms)

Any web browser

Yes

Sentence starting prompts, database of simple writing tips, example/model statements and essays; collaboration and online group editing, shared reviewing

Grade 8 to university; peer to peer reviewing and sharing

Scanning Pens

$$$

Windows, Mac

No

Pocket-sized 

Reads text aloud in English, Spanish or French

Mechanical Mouse

$

N/A

No

Can be wired or wireless; available at most general stores 

Wheelchair

Consult a doctor or physiotherapist when purchasing a wheelchair

Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) HAL-5 Suit

$$$$

Used in rehab sessions, not meant for public use.

Helps to reteach the brain how to move limbs and torso after traumatic injury.

ReWalk Rehabilitation Walking Rehabilitation

$$$$

Used in rehab sessions, not meant for public use.

Helps adjust center of gravity and gait during rehabilitation activities

ReWalk Personal 6.0 Walking Assistant

$$$$

100m

10mins

(On flat ground)

To assist users who have very limited to no use of their legs with walking.

Oxford Picture Dictioary

$$$

All

No

13 bilingual versions; website or app

Adobe Scan

Free

All

App for devices

Microsoft Lens

Free

Windows, MAC

App for devices

TreeSize

Free

Windows

Yes

Clickable files similar to windows displays hard drive in branching trees

BumpTop

Free

Windows, iOS

No

Creates a virtual desk surface; software is no longer being developed but can still be downloaded

Intended for touch screens

Drop Box

Free, $

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android

Yes

2GB of storage free

iCloud Drive

Free, $

Windows, Mac, iOS

Yes

5GB of storage free, more to pay; online editing

Integrated into Apple Products

Google Drive

Free, $

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

15GB of storage free, more to pay; online editing

Multi-user Collaboration.

Integrates with Google Classroom

Box

Free, $

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android

Yes

10GB of storage, more to pay

Compatible with other programs

Microsoft One Drive

Free, $

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android

Yes

5GB of storage free, more to pay; online editing

Multi-user Collaboration

Cram

Free

Any browser

No

Share custom made flash cards through Google Drive or print out cards

Paper Card

$

N/A

No

When printing / physical cards are preferred

Microsoft Word

$$

Mac, Windows, Chrome

No

As part of office 365 suite

MapFactor

Free

Android, iOS, Windows

Yes

Voice controlled, voice directions

App for phone / tablet

Google Maps

Free

All

No

Voice controlled, voice directions

Desktop (website) or app (phone / tablet)

Waze

Free

Android, iOS, Windows

Yes

Voice controlled, voice directions

App for phone / tablet

To Doist

$

iOS, Android

Yes
Any ToDo

$

iOS, Android

Yes
Google Keep

Free

iOS, Android, Windows, Chrome

Yes

For Android and Windows users

Apple Reminders

Free

iOS

Yes

For iPhone users

Microsoft Outlook

Free with Office 365

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android

Yes

Share events with other users, sync between multiple devices

Sync with Microsoft products; ideal for office work

Apple Calendar

Free

Mac, iOS

Yes

Sync between multiple devices

Sync with all apple devices; ideal for personal work 

Google Calendar

Free

Windows, iOS, Mac, Chrome, Android

Yes

Share events with other users, sync between multiple devices

Sync with gmail and all google accounts; ideal for personal or classrooms

Paper Agenda

$

N/A

No

Various sizes of paper agendas; hardback and paperback

Personal organization and planning, cheap

Crayola

$

N/A

No

Wide range of color options for pens, pencils, markers, crayons

Incompete

Fre

All browsers

Yes

Generate custom free graph paper through website

Hand written graphing assignments; unique grid displays

iPad

$$$-$$$$

Mac / iOS

No

Digitizer for iPad tablet

Hybrid between laptop and phone, good for sharing and multiple users

Google Pay

Free

All browsers

Yes

Tracks all spending linked to google account; can connect debit and banks transactions

Mint

Free

iOS, Android, Windows

No

Can connect different credit cards, banks, spending patterns into one central app

Personal spending and budgeting

Apple Pay

Free

iOS

No

App which tracks spending, savings

Personal spending and budgeting

Khan Academy

Free; by donation

All

Yes

Thousands of math problems sorted by grades 1-8

Prodigy

Free

All

Yes

1200 math skills for grades 1-8 with classroom student tracking and feedback

Classroom

IXL

Free

All

Yes

Website features hundreds of math problems for each grade from K to 12

Home practice

Dragon

$$-$$$

Windows

One of the most advanced voice recognition software on the market

Easily compatible with external programs such as Microsoft Office, major browsers and social media services. Highly practical.

Phillips Voice Tracer

$$$

N/A

No

Handheld device

Personal dictation, 360 sensitivity for group meetings and multiple speakers

Keyboarding Without Tears

$-$$

All

No

Levels sorted by grade level, very child friendly progression through levels

Early keyboarding practice, grades K-5

CoWriter

$, Subscription

Chrome Plugin

Yes

Includes translation and speech recognition

Word Talk

Free

Windows

No

Speak incorrect words outloud and correct them

Word plugin

vBookz

$

iOS, Mac

No

16 languages, interactive cursor for readers to control generated speech and rate, small size optimized for mobile devices

PDFs on mobile devices

Read and Write

$$ (personal copy)
$ School or subscription

All

No

Highlight and comment on text and documents 

Suite of products, includes Text to Speech, Word Prediction, Personal Dictionary, many other features

iAnnotate

$

iOS, Mac

No

App that add notes and comments to documents, PDFs, excel, images, excels, and web pages

Personal mobile devices

Kami

$/year

All

Yes

Browser plugin, can highlight, paste notes, text, images, underline on PDFs and text documents

Classrooms and schools; purchase per year supports 150 students

Acapela Voice

$

Mac, Windows, iOS, Android

No

Over 100 synthetic voices in 30 languages

Mac iOS Voices

Free

Mac, iOS

No

Mac products come with default voices

Microsoft Voices

Free

Windows

No

Microsoft products come with default voices

NextUp

$

Windows

No

Variety of different voices and accents in many languages

Desktop and laptops

Tumble Books

Subscription, $$$/year

Download, Cloud

1100 books for grades K-6, multiple languages, supplementary quizzes, lesson ideas and videos

School age children

Onyx Boox

$$$$

Anywhere

Rescue Time

Free to $$$

Mac
Windows
Android
Linux

Set daily goals. Receive a productivity score. 

Dasung E-Ink Paperlike Pro

$$$$

Windows
Mac
IOS

No

Multiple display modes
Easy setup

Outdoor environments
High glare situations

Barnes & Noble Nook Glowlight 3

$$$

Windows
​Mac

No

Night-mode
Physical page turn buttons
Strong battery life

Anywhere

Kobo Clara HD

$$$

Windows
Mac

No

Colour changing front light
Strong battery life

Anywhere

Amazon Kindle Oasis

$$$

Windows
Mac

Yes

Waterproof
Support for audiobooks
Uses Amazon e-book store

Anywhere

Amazon Kindle

$$$

Windows
Mac

Yes

No Backlight
Uses Amazon e-book store

Well-lit room

Focus At Will

Free to $$$

Windows

Mac

iOS

Android

Chrome

Yes

Use with headphones

Spotify

Free to $$$

Windows

Mac

iOS

Android

Chrome

No
Brain.fm

Free to $

Windows

Mac

iOS

Android

No

Use with headphones

Noisli

Free to $$

Windows

Mac

iOS

Android

Chrome

Yes
One Focus

$$

Mac

All browsers

Waste No Time

Free

Windows
Mac

Website and app blocker.

Chrome and Safari

Focal Filter

Free

Windows

All browsers

Freedom

$$

Mac

Windows

iOS

Android

Website and app blocker. Blocked list is synchronized between devices.

All browsers

Stay Focused

Free

Mac

Windows

Linux

Can be a complete block or timed limit

Chrome

Qustodio

$$$

iOS

Windows

Android

Mac

Kindle

Nook

Controlled by parents

Limitly Screen Time Control

Free

Android

Controlled by parents

Screen Limit

Free to $$$

iOS

Windows

Android

Mac

Can be synchronized between multiple devices. Controlled by parents.

Time Doctor

$$$

iOS

Windows

Android

Mac

Controlled by students or parents

iOS 12

Free

iOS

Controlled by students

Gyrobi

$

N/A

N/A
Fidget Foot Band

$

N/A

N/A

Must be tied to a chair

Thinking Putty

$

N/A

N/A
Fidget Puzzle

$

N/A

N/A
Stress Ball

$$

N/A

N/A
Sony WH-1000XM2

$$$$

N/A

N/A

10 hours of play.

Wireless.

AKG N60NC Wireless

$$$$

N/A

N/A

15 hours of play.

Wireless. Compactable, travel friendly.

Sennheiser HD 4.50 BTNC

$$$

N/A

N/A

20 hours of play.

Wireless. Headband lacks padding. May be uncomfortable for long term use.

Plantronics Backbeat Pro 2

$$$$

N/A

N/A

20 hours of play.

Wireless. Styling may not be comfortable for everyone. Should try on before purchasing.

Bose Quiet Comfort 2015

$$$$

N/A

N/A

20 hours of play.

Not wireless.

No Products Available

Currently we have no specific product examples. This may be because the technology is very new, there are far too many products to provide a concise list (e.g. laptops), or it doesn't make sense to list (e.g. carbon paper)

ReWalk Personal 6.0 Walking Assistant

$$$$

N/A

N/A

Legs, 

100m

10mins

(On flat ground)

To assist users who have very limited to no use of their legs with walking.

ReWalk Rehabilitation Walking

$$$$

N/A

N/A

Legs

Used in rehab sessions, not meant for public use.

Helps adjust center of gravity and gait during rehabilitation activities

Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) HAL-5 Suit

$$$$

N/A

N/A

Arms, Torso, Legs
Used in rehab sessions, not meant for public use.

Helps to reteach the brain how to move limbs and torso after traumatic injury.

Microsoft OneNote

$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes
Microsoft OneNote

$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Allows users to create and save custom writing templates.

Classrooms. Teachers create templates for student use.

Microsoft OneNote

$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Built into a word processor, optimal for drafting documents.

Microsoft OneNote

$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

No

Capture a digital note and annotate with free-form drawing tool, sticky notes, text; can add music, sounds, images and basically anything else to notes

Alongside other Microsoft software (Word, Excel, etc)

Microsoft OneNote

$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Takes texts from locked images and pulls them into a separate viewing window. Original text formatting is not preserved.

Text documents with little to no spatial elements/formatting (e.g. a shopping list).

Microsoft OneNote

$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

High voice quality available. Cloud sharing available.

Reading documents.

ScanSnap SV600

$$$$

Windows, MAC

Book, Single Sided

Scanmarker Air Pen Scanner

$$$$

Windows, MAC

Pen, Single Sided

IRIScan Book 5 WiFi

$$$$

Windows, MAC

Wand, Single Sided

ScanSnap iX500 Color Duplex Desk

$$$$

Windows, MAC

Feed, Double Sided

Brother ImageCenter ADS-3600W

$$$$

Windows, MAC

Flatbed Scanner, Single Sided

Cubing

Students are asked to consider a topic from multiple different perspectives. Students are given a cube with different activities on each side and roll the cube 2-4 times to complete each activity. 

About-Point

This summarizing strategy allows students to organize their writing based on the main idea and supporting details.

Reading

TOWER + EDITS

Acronym: Think, Organize, Write, Edit, Rewrite, and Embellish, Delete, Insert corrections, Tally progress, Submit grading

Progress monitoring and metacognition

Four Square Writing

A rectangle is drawn and divided into four smaller rectangles of equal size. In the centre of the shape an additional rectangle is drawn, making a total of 5 rectangles. Students are required to write the topic sentence in the middle rectangle, three supporting sentences in the other rectangles, and finally a summary sentence in the bottom right rectangle.

This technique is used for individual paragraphs.

Clicker Docs

$$

iOS, Mac, Windows, Chrome

No

Customizable word list

App can be modified for each individual’s needs

Docs Plus

$$$$

iOS, Mac, Windows, Chrome

No

Customizable word list

Use topic-specific dictionaries for projects

Co:Writer Universal

$, Subscription

iOS, Mac, Windows, Chrome, Android

Yes

Customizable word list

Use topic-specific dictionaries for projects

Word Q

$$$-$$$$

iOS, Mac, Windows, Chrome

No

Customizable word list

iPad features are limited, best on Mac or Windows PCs

Google Docs

Free

Chrome

Yes

Cloud computing

Microsoft 365

$$, Subscription

Chrome

Yes

Cloud computing

Pages

Free

Mac

No

Local hard drive

Microsoft Word

$$$

Windows, Mac

No

Local hard drive

Infogalactic

Free

All browsers

Yes

Subject specific information

Wikia

Free

All browsers

Yes

Pop-culture and gaming news

Encyclopedia Britannica

Free

All browsers

Yes

Encyclopedia

Wikipedia

Free

All browsers

Yes

Encyclopedia

Doppel

$$$

N/A

No

Vibrations simulate heartbeat to function as mood regulator

Spire

$$$

N/A

No

Measures breathing and heart rate; alerts during periods of high stress

Thync

$$$$

N/A

No

Can be activated to encourage mood to a “relaxing” state or “heightened” state

Watchminder

$$

N/A

No

Delivers mild, silent vibration and text message at period times throughout day

Apple Watch

$$$

N/A

No

Monitors various bodily signals relating to fitness: heart rate, blood pressure; can set goals, signal thresholds

Pilot Translation App

$$$

Mobile devices, pending 2018

Yes

Ear pieces for conversation or lecture dyads; language learning app works independently on mobile devices and computers

Google Translate

Free

Android

No

Mobile devices and computers

iTranslate Converse

Free

iOS

No

Iphone, Apple watch

BrailleTranslate.org

Free

Any browser

Yes

Short Texts or Phrases

Robobraille.org

Free

Any browser

Yes

Short Texts or Documents

Jaws

$$$$

Windows, Mac

No

Mathematics and technical braille, converts formatted text

Short and long texts, web pages, any on screen content

DBT Duxbury

$$$$

Windows, Mac

No

Mathematics and technical braille, converts formatted text

Short and long texts, web pages, any on screen content

Hal Screen Reader

$$$$

Windows

No

Mathematics and technical braille, converts formatted text

Short and long texts, web pages, any on screen content

Ectaco

$$$

N/A

No

For short phrases; travel communication; spoken or text input, spoken and text output

Premier Literacy

$$$$

Windows, iOS, Mac, Chrome

No

Literacy Productivity

Read and Write Gold

$$$

Windows, Mac, iOS

No

Suite of many features and technologies

Support independent student research

Widgit Go

$$$

iOS

No

English, French, Spanish

Widgit Online

$$$, Subscription

All browsers

Yes
Pixwriter

$$$

Windows, Mac, iOS, Chrome

No

English, Spanish

Clicker5

$$$$

Windows, iOS

No
Symwriter 2

$$$

Windows

No

English, French

Premier Assistive

$$$$

Mac, Windows, Chrome

No

Reading – Advanced OCR and TTS

WYNN

$$$$

Mac, iOS

No

Reading – Study tool, TTS and OCR.

Read and Write Gold

$$$$

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

No

Reading and Writing – Limited capacity with PDFs

Kurzweil

$$$

Windows, Mac, iOS

No

Suite of many products

Easy to use, wide range of tools, great highlighting function.

Mindomo

Free, $$$, Subscription

Windows, Mac, Linux, Chrome, iOS,

No

Has an outline function built in

Inspiration / Kidspiration

$$-$$$

Windows, Mac, iOS

No

Has both templates for typical writing tasks and an outline function

Microsoft Word

$$$-$$$$

Windows, Mac, Linux, Chrome, iOS, Android

No

Using bullets can be used to create an outline and templates can be downloaded online

Draft Builder

$$$

Windows, Mac, Chrome

No

Breaks the writing process into three manageable steps

Google Sheets

Free

Windows, Mac, iOS, Chrome

Yes

Available for mobile

Collaborative spreadsheet

Numbers

Free

Mac, iOS

No

Available for mobile

Spreadsheet App

Microsoft Excel

Free, $$-$$$

Windows, Mac, iOS, Chrome

No

Available for mobile

Electronic graphing and data input tool

Zoho Sheet

Free, $

Windows, Mac, iOS, Chrome

No

Available for mobile

Cloud based collaborative spreadsheet

Digital Modulation (DM) System

$$$$

Achieves the same purpose as FM systems, but uses digital rather than analog radio waves to transmit sound. Improved sound quality, higher intelligibility, reduced noise and a shorter delay between message transmission and reception.

Dynamic Personal FM System

$$$$

Rather than receiving a fixed FM amplification , this device is sensitive to the noise level in classrooms and adjusts the individual’s FM in response. This allows for adaptability to changing noise levels.

Desktop FM System Receiver

$$$$

Listeners receive the auditory signal through a compact device that can be worn. Typically used for children with APD who do not use a hearing aid or cochlear implant.

Personal FM System Receiver

$$$$

Listeners receive the auditory signal directly to their personal hearing aid or cochlear implant processor.

Dynamic Soundfield Amplification System

$$$$

Classroom Sound Field Amplification System

$$$$

iPhone 6

$$$

iOS 8

Some features

16+ GB, 4.7" screen, average camera, 720x1334 resolution, 7.5 hours constant use of battery

Vodaphone Smart V8

$$

Android 7

Some features

32+ GB, 5.5" screen, Good camera, 1920x1080 resolution, 1 day moderate use of battery

Lenovo 2

$$

Android 6

Some features

16+ GB, 5.5" screen, average camera, 1920x1080 resolution, 3 days moderate use of battery

Redmi Note 3

$$

Modified Android

Some features

16+ GB, 5.5" screen, Poor camera, 1920x1080 resolution, 1 day moderate use of battery

Samsung Note 8

$$$$

Android 8

Some features

64+ GB, 5.8" screen, Excellent camera, 2960x1440 resolution, 9.5 hours constant battery use

Pixel 2

$$$

Android 8

Some features

64+ GB, 5.0" screen, Excellent camera, 1920x1080 resolution, 9 hours of constant battery use

iPhone X

$$$$

iOS 11

Some features

64+ GB, 5.8" screen, Excellent camera, 2436x1125 resolution, 2 days moderate use of battery

Lumia 640

$$

Windows 8.1

Some features

16+ GB, 5.0" screen, average camera, 720x1280 resolution, 30 hours constant use of battery

MAGic

$$$$

Windows

No

Up to 60x, font smoothing, text to speech upgrade option, integrated color contrast

Zoomtext Magnifier

$$$$

Windows, Mac

No

Up to 36x, font smoothing, text to speech upgrade option, integrated color contrast

Windows Magnifier

Free

Windows

No

Up to 4x, Separate function text to speech and color contrast

MAC Zoom

Free

Mac

No

Up to 40x, Separate function text to speech and color contrast

Online Utility

Free

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Identifying difficult words, to help instructors prepare texts

Simplish

Free

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Poor simplification but creates list of difficult word definitions

Rewordify

Free

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Decode short passages and highlight changes

Simple English Wikipedia

Free

Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, Chrome

Yes

Personal Research

Optically Controlled inferace

See our page on Eye Gaze Systems

Head-Controlled Interface

A head-mounted camera may be used as an alternative pointing device for people with limited hand/arm movement and control

Mouse Pen

Allows the user to hold a pen-shaped device in their hand and use it to move around the device screen.

Touchscreen

Touchscreens are very commonly available and allow users to interact with their device by touching the screen where they would like to interact with the device.

Trackpad

Trackpads are rectangular sections typically found on laptops and are touch-sensitive, allowing the user to use their fingers to move a cursor around a computer screen.

Trackball

See our page on trackballs

Joystick

See our page on joysticks

Exact prices change frequently, which is why only approximate ranges are listed. 

$ - Under $5

$$ - Between $6 and $50

$$$ - Between $51 and $250

$$$$ - Over $250

References

 

Edyburn, D. (2002). Research and Practice. Journal of Special Education Technology, 17(4). 53-60.

 

Gambhir, M., & Gupta, V. (2016). Recent automatic text summarization techniques: A survey. Artificial Intelligence Review, 47(1), 1-66. doi:10.1007/s10462-016-9475-9

 

Huang L, He Y, Wei F, Li W (2010) Modeling document summarization as multi-objective optimization. In: Proceedings of the third international symposium on intelligent information technology and security informatics, pp 382–386

 

Friend, R. (2000). Teaching Summarization as a Content Area Reading Strategy. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 44(4), 320-329.

 

R.J. Marzano, D.J. Pickering, J.E. Pollock. Classroom instruction that works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. (2nd ed.), ASCD, Alexandria, VA (2001)

 

Yang, C. C., & Wang, F. L. (2008). Hierarchical summarization of large documents. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(6), 887-902. doi:10.1002/asi.20781

 

Yang, G., Chen, N., K., Sutinen, E., Anderson, T., & Wen, D. (2013). The effectiveness of automatic text summarization in mobile learning contexts. Computers & Education, 68, 233-243. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2013.05.012

 

Yang, F. (2011). Study on core Technologies of Query-oriented Automatic Summarization. Procedia Engineering, 15, 3600-3603. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.674


 

Written by Francis Wall, Last Revision May 2018