FM or Infrared System
Exact prices change frequently, which is why only approximate ranges are listed.
$ - Under $5
$$ - Between $6 and $50
$$$ - Between $51 and $250
$$$$ - Over $250
Anderson, K. L., & Goldstein, H. (2004). Speech benefits of FM and infrared devices to children with hearing aids in a typical classroom. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 35, 169-184.
Johnston, K. N., John, A. B., Kreisman, N. V., Hall, J. W., & Crandell, C. C. (2009). Multiple benefits of personal FM system use by children with auditory processing disorder (APD). International Journal of Audiology, 48, 371-383.
Purdy, S. C., Smart, J. L., Baily, M. & Sharma, M. (2009). Do children with reading delay benefit from the use of personal FM systems in the classroom?. International Journal of Audiology, 48, 843–852.
Schafer, E. C., Mathews, L., Mehta, S., Hill, M., Munoz, A., Bishop, R., & Moloney, M. (2013). Personal FM systems for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and/or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): An initial investigation. Journal of Communication Disorders, 46, 30-52.
Written by Bronwyn Lamond, Last Revision May 2018